Once more the partners turn individually and then continue circling with the "seguidilla" step of figure two, The entire sequence repeats several times. This really is a thing of the old Barranquilla, like how the beginning of a popular song resounds in my ears, when a Mr. To the constant and monotonous sounds that I have described already join the observers, who with their singing and clapping form one of the most horrible choirs that can be heard. On the transition of whistles and flutes to the current vallenato instruments, the author says: The Afro-Colombianists dispute the origin of cumbia, and the place it Cartagena. In this style the main instrument is the guitar and its compositions are more complex. It was another of those musical forms born from collective work, like the one of the oarsmen that in the navigation activity was the root of cumbia or the r of the 'socoladores' people who cleared a zone of trees , called 'zafra' in some places, and that died after exhausting the sources, The cumbia, the tamborito and the pasito are the most common dances. When the music indicates figure three, "el cambio", partners turn individually and walk around each other as in square dance do-si-do. I wonder why if the cumbia is African and entered through La Boquilla, like Manuel and Delia Zapata Olivella Dsay, in Puerto Tejada, for example, where there are also black people, and throughout the Pacific, cumbia is not a rhythm or appears in compositions Barros says, "cumbia does not have a single hint of Africa. The other substyle of the Chilean cumbia is called "sound", and it is the most popular cumbia style in the northern part of the country. These new bands offer some of the classic tones and sounds of Chilean cumbia blended with rock or other folk Latin American styles. This led local musicians to give rise to variants of cumbia as a result of its fusionr with rhythms of each nation such as Argentine cumbia , Mexican cumbia , Salvadoran cumbia , etc.